World Diabetes Day 2020

14th November 2020

World Diabetes Day 2020

World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created in 1991 by IDF and the World Health Organisation in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. It became an official United Nations Day in 2006 with the passage of United Nation Resolution 61/225. It is marked every year on 14 November, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.

WDD is the largest diabetes awareness campaign, with a global reach of more than 1 billion people in more than 160 countries. It draws attention to issues of paramount importance regarding diabetes and helps keep the condition firmly in the spotlight.

Global Scale

It is estimated that 463 million adults were living with diabetes in 2019. This equates to 1 in every 11 people. By 2030, this is predicted to rise to 578 million.

1 in 2 adults with diabetes remain undiagnosed (232 million). The majority have type 2 diabetes.

1 in 5 people with diabetes (136 million) are above 65 years old.

Diabetes caused 4.2 million deaths in 2019.

Diabetes was responsible for at least $760 billion in health expenditure in 2019 – 10% of the global total spent on healthcare.

The UK situation

According to Diabetes UK, there are 3.9 million people who have been diagnosed with diabetes in the UK. They go further to state that, if no efforts are made to reduce the rate of diagnosis, more than five million people will have diabetes in the UK by 2025.

Someone is diagnosed with diabetes every two minutes. This statistic is elevated to show that every week diabetes leads to more than 169 amputations, 680 strokes, 530 heart attacks and almost 2,000 cases of heart failure.

The statistics are alarming and highlight the devastating impact of diabetes. It is important to highlight as much as possible the risk factors and what to look out for, with diabetes having different strains that can have varying effects

The Basics

Diabetes is a condition where someone has too much glucose – a type of sugar – in their blood. When people don’t have diabetes their blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin produced in their pancreas. If someone has diabetes, they’re either not producing insulin, or the insulin they do produce can’t work properly or there isn’t enough of it. This means that sugar builds up in their blood and can’t get into the cells of their body where it’s used for fuel. Too much sugar in the blood can lead to sight loss, amputation, kidney failure, stroke and death.

 Type 1 Diabetes

Develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body have been destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin. Everyone with Type 1 needs to treat their diabetes by injecting insulin or using an insulin pump.

About 8% of people with diabetes in the UK have type 1 diabetes. It’s a serious and lifelong condition.

Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage your heart, eyes, feet and kidneys. These are known as the complications of diabetes. But you can prevent many of these long-term problems by getting the right treatment and care. This can help you manage your blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol.

Type 2 Diabetes

develops when the body still makes some insulin but it’s not able to work properly or there isn’t enough. Some people can manage it with a healthy diet, regular physical activity and, if they need to; by losing weight. But the longer someone has Type 2, the more likely it is that they will need medication. About a quarter of people with Type 2 will eventually need to take insulin. These include different types of monogenic diabetes, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, and diabetes caused by rare syndromes. Certain medication such as steroids and antipsychotics, surgery or hormonal imbalances could also lead to other types of diabetes.

Around 90% of people with diabetes in the UK have type 2. It is a serious condition and can be lifelong.

Managing the risk

Living with diabetes means taking extreme care in all aspects of life and if not given, serious conditions can occur. Untreated diabetes damages blood vessels, nerves and organs which leads to conditions such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, sexual dysfunction and miscarriage or stillbirth.

Early diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes is crucial to preventing serious conditions from occurring.

You can lower your chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes by changing your lifestyle. You can reduce your risk by maintaining a healthy weight, eating a well-balanced diet and being more active. You can be pre-diabetic and turn things around to avoid becoming diabetic, Randox Health has helped clients do so by identifying pre-diabetics with our preventive health checks.

Randox Health

Randox Health Packages will give you a comprehensive look into your health, not only now but how it could look in the future. We’ve helped previous clients overcome being pre-diabetic and change their future health. We can help you if you have any worries about being pre-diabetic or if you have any other health concerns. Read more about our packages here or contact a member of our team today to make a booking or for more information.

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